Life insurance

Life Insurance can be defined as a contract between an insurance policyholder and an insurance company, where the insurer promises to pay a sum of money in exchange for a premium, upon the death of an insured person or after a set period. Here, at ICICI Prudential Life Insurance, you pay premiums for a specific term and in return, we provide you with a Life Cover. This Life Cover secures your loved ones’ future by paying a lump sum amount in case of an unfortunate event. In some policies, you are paid an amount called Maturity Benefit at the end of the policy term.

There are two basic types of Life Insurance plans –

  1. 1. Pure Protection
  2. 2. Protection and Savings

What is a Pure Protection Plan?

A Pure Protection plan is designed to secure your family’s future by providing a lump sum amount, in your absence.

What is Protection and Savings Plan?

A Protection and Savings plan is a financial tool that helps you plan for your long-term goals like purchasing a home, funding your children’s education, and more, while offering the benefits of a Life Cover.

Factors that affect life insurance premium

Now that you know what is life insurance and why you need it, find out the factors that can affect the life insurance premium:

  • Age: One of the prime factors that affect the premium for a life insurance plan is your age. The life insurance premium is lower for younger people and gradually increases with age
  • Gender: Studies have shown women live longer than men1. Therefore, the life insurance premium is lower for women as compared to men
  • Health conditions: Your present and past health conditions can determine the premium for your life insurance plan. If you have any pre-existing illnesses or have suffered from an illness in the past that may resurface or affect your present health, you would be charged a higher premium
  • Family health history: The chances of suffering from a disease that runs in your family are considerably high. So, if any hereditary illnesses run in your family, you may have to pay a higher premium
  • Smoking and drinking alcohol: Lifestyle habits like smoking and drinking alcohol can impact your health and lead to multiple health issues. Therefore, insurance companies charge a high premium for individuals who smoke or drink alcohol
  • Type of Coverage: The type of coverage you opt for can increase or decrease the life insurance plan’s premium. If you add any riders to your plan, the premium would increase. A longer policy term can also result in a higher premium compared to a shorter term. In addition to this, the type of life insurance plan you select also impacts the premium. For instance, term life insurance is the most affordable form of life insurance
  • Amount of coverage: A higher sum assured would result in a higher premium and vice versa
  • Occupation: If you work in a high-risk job, the premium for your life insurance plan would be higher than others. For example, if you work in construction or if your job puts you at any kind of risk, such as regular exposure to chemicals, the insurance company will charge a higher premium

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Let us understand some commonly used terms in Life Insurance:

  • Life Assured: It is the person who is covered under the insurance policy
  • Proposer: It is the person who pays the premiums of the policy. For example: If you have bought the policy for yourself, then you are both the Life Assured as well as the Proposer. Similarly, if you purchase an insurance policy for a family member, then you are the proposer and the family member is the Life Assured.
  • Nominee or Beneficiary: It is the person you appoint at the time of buying the policy to receive the benefits of your insurance policy, in your absence.
  • Insurer: The insurance company that sells the life insurance policy is called the Insurer (for example, ICICI Prudential Life Insurance).
  • Life Cover: It is the amount that the Insurer will pay to your Nominee in case of an unfortunate event.
  • Maturity Benefit: For Protection + Savings policies, the Insurer pays a certain lump sum of money on completion of the policy term. This amount is known as the Maturity Amount.
  • Premium: A premium is an amount you pay to the insurer for receiving the benefits of the insurance policy. These payments can be made on a regular basis throughout the policy duration, for a limited number of years, or just once, as per the options available under the policy you choose.
  • Premium Payment Term: The number of years for which you pay the premiums is known as the Premium Payment Term.
  • Policy Term: The number of years for which the Life Cover continues.

Let us understand how Life Insurance works:

In today’s era, having a life insurance policy is a must for every individual as it is one of the best ways to secure one’s future along with their loved ones. There are many different types of life insurance policies available in the market. However, before choosing one, it is important to understand how a life insurance policy works. Let us look at an example to understand how life insurance works:

Now, let’s see an example:

Mr. Kumar (Life Assured) pays ICICI Prudential Life Insurance (Insurer) an annual amount (Premium) over 5 years (Premium Payment Term) to make sure that his wife (Nominee) gets a certain assured sum of money (Life Cover) in case of an unfortunate event during the 10 years or Lumpsum amount at maturity on survival at the end of the policy term.

Life insurance not only covers the risk arising due to an unfortunate event, but also gives you additional benefits like tax benefits, savings, and wealth creation over a period of time. The right life insurance plan from a trusted company can help one get long-term risk coverage plus savings, i.e. dual benefits from one solution.

Permanent life insurance

Permanent life insurance provides lifelong coverage. It’s more expensive than term life because it:

  • Can last for the duration of your life.
  • Usually builds cash value.

The cash value component accumulates on a tax-deferred basis over the life of the policy. It acts as a savings portion of the policy. Typically, you can borrow against the policy’s cash value or make a withdrawal. If you decide to end the policy, you can get the cash value minus any surrender charge.

In some policies the cash value may build slowly over many years, so don’t count on having access to a lot of cash value right away. Your policy illustration will show the projected cash value.

There are several varieties of permanent life insurance:

  • Whole life insurance offers a fixed death benefit and cash value component that grows at a guaranteed rate of return. Many whole life insurance policies pay out dividends that can be used to reduce premium payments or can add to your cash value.
  • Universal life insurance often offers more flexibility than a whole life insurance policy. You may be able to alter your premium payments and death benefit, within certain limits. With a universal life insurance policy, the cash value will build depending on the policy type. For example, an indexed universal life insurance policy will have cash value tied to an index such as the S&P 500. A variable universal life policy will typically have investment subaccounts that you can choose and manage.
  • Burial insurance is a small whole-life policy with a small death benefit, often between $5,000 and $25,000. Burial insurance is designed to cover only funeral costs and final expenses.
  • Survivorship life insurance or “second to die life insurance”  insures two people under one policy, usually a married couple. When both spouses have passed away, the policy pays out the death benefit to the beneficiaries. Usually, survivorship life insurance is part of a larger financial plan to fund a trust or pay federal estate taxes.

How to Choose the Right Life Insurance Policy Type

With all of the life insurance options available, it may seem complicated to choose the right one.

Start by deciding between term life and permanent life insurance.

Consider a term life insurance policy if you need life insurance for a specific amount of time. For instance, if you want insurance to cover your working years as possible “income replacement” if you were no longer around.

Term life insurance is also a good choice if your budget is limited. Since term life insurance provides protection for a specific amount of time, and it’s not a cash-value life insurance policy, the rates will be lower than permanent life insurance.

As you enter different stages of life, your life insurance needs may change. Many term life insurance policies are convertible to permanent policies. The options will depend on your policy and insurer. Term life conversion allows you to switch to a permanent policy without re-applying or taking a life insurance medical exam.

On the other hand, a permanent life insurance policy will last for the duration of your life. If building cash value is important to you, look at permanent life insurance options. But if you’re purchasing a permanent policy only to capitalize on the cash value accumulation, depending on the policy, you’re better off putting your money into a savings or investment vehicle, so you’re not paying for the life insurance and charges within a permanent policy.

And cash value isn’t typically intended for beneficiaries. Upon death, any cash value generally reverts back to the life insurance company. Your beneficiaries get the policy’s death benefit, not the death benefit plus cash value. That said, some policy types will offer the death benefit plus cash value, but for a higher price.

How Much Does Life Insurance Cost?

The cost of life insurance varies significantly depending on several different factors. One of the biggest cost factors will be the type of life insurance you buy. For example, a term life insurance policy is significantly less expensive than a whole life insurance policy for the same amount of coverage.

Here are some of the most common factors affecting life insurance rates:

  • Age. The younger you are when you buy a policy the less you’ll pay. That’s because your chance of death is smaller.
  • Sex. Females have a life expectancy that is nearly five years longer than males, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. This means that men generally pay more for life insurance than women (except in Montana where insurers must provide gender-neutral life insurance rates).
  • Health. Your health has a major impact on your life insurance rates. The insurer will evaluate your past and current medical conditions in order to calculate your life expectancy.
  • Lifestyle. Your driving history (such as a DUI conviction), criminal record, and dangerous occupations and hobbies (such as scuba diving) can all result in higher life insurance rates.

How to Choose a Life Insurance Coverage Amount

A good rule of thumb for estimating how much coverage you need is to:

  1. Add up all the expenses you want to cover, such as income replacement for your work, a mortgage and children’s college expenses.
  2. From that, subtract the amounts that your family could use to cover those expenses, such as savings and existing life insurance. Leave out retirement savings if your spouse will need that later on.

The resulting number is how much life insurance you need. It may look high, especially if you’ve factored in income replacement for many years. Still, life insurance quotes are free, so it doesn’t hurt to price out the coverage you need.

If it turns out to be unaffordable, you can buy what you can afford now to lock in a good rate. You can buy more later, just be aware that several years from now your rate will be based on your older age and any health conditions you’ve developed.

Here is a calculator to help you estimate how much life insurance you will need.

How to Get Life Insurance Quotes

According to the Insurance Barometer Report, 15% of people think they can’t afford life insurance. At the same time, many consumers overestimate the cost. The only way to know what you will pay is to get life insurance quotes from a few companies. Quotes are free. An experienced life insurance agent will know what companies tend to give the best prices based on your age, health, and desired coverage amount.

Expect to be asked about your age, health, tobacco use, your family health history, driving record, and any dangerous occupations or hobbies. visit here

When you have a quote that you like, you can start a formal application. You answer more questions in detail and apply for a specific policy type, amount of coverage, and policy length (if you’re buying term life insurance).

Once you’ve submitted the application, some insurers may require a life insurance medical exam. These exams can take place at your home, work, or sometimes a local exam office.

The time it takes to process an application varies significantly among companies and policy types.

  • Some insurers offer fast life insurance, including instant approval, to people who qualify, who are generally younger (under age 60), and without medical issues.
  • Some insurers use “accelerated underwriting” to skip the medical exam and process applications in a day or a week, depending on the company.
  • And some insurers use a traditional process with a medical exam and an approval process that can take over a month.

How to Choose a Beneficiary

A life insurance beneficiary is a person who can claim the death benefit after you pass away.

You can name multiple beneficiaries and decide what percentage they each will receive when you die. Additionally, you should add contingent beneficiaries who will receive the death benefit if your primary beneficiaries have died.

Not everyone names people as beneficiaries. Some people name trusts. By creating a revocable living trust and naming it as the life insurance beneficiary, you can ensure that the money is used according to your wishes. For example, the trust money could be used to take care of children.

If you decide to name a trust the beneficiary of your policy, make sure to work with an attorney to structure the trust correctly. It’s also wise to work with a financial planner so that a trust is part of your larger financial plan.

It’s crucial to update and review your beneficiary selections regularly. For example, life events such as a marriage or a divorce can impact your selection.

To update your beneficiaries, contact your life insurer and submit a change of beneficiary form. Making changes only on a will won’t affect life insurance.

How Does a Beneficiary Make a Claim?

Claims can be paid quickly—in about a week, assuming the insurer has all the documents it needs. Don’t assume a life insurance company will contact you. It’s unlikely they know that your relative died. While some insurers are proactive in monitoring insured customers who have passed away, they won’t discover a death immediately.

  • Death certificate: To start the claim process you’ll need to submit a certified copy of the death certificate. The insurer won’t send it back. Therefore, you may want to request a few certified copies if you need them for multiple purposes.
  • Contact the insurance company right away: While you may have a lot on your plate after a loved one passes away, the sooner you contact the insurer, the sooner you can get the money.
  • Verify you have met all claim requirements: Once all of the claim paperwork is done, make sure you have all supporting documentation attached. This can include a claim form and a death certificate.

Claims are typically paid within 30 days after the insurer receives the necessary documents.

You don’t need an original copy of the life insurance policy to make a claim. You only need to know the name of the insurance company and contact them to initiate the claim.

That’s why it’s important to let your beneficiaries know that you have a policy and tell them the name of the insurer. And insurers are contractually obligated to pay only the people listed on the policy.

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